|Funding organisation||British Academy, United Kingdom|
|Principal investigator||Heike Jöns|
|American research universities superseded German research universities as global centers of science and scholarship after 1945. In addition to wider geopolitical, economic and socio-cultural shifts, their main competitive advantages were corporate autonomy, non-professional education as their primary goal and the institutionalization of research sabbaticals.
This research aims to create new knowledge about the nature of the hegemonic US research university by examining the origins, development and changing geographies of research sabbaticals in two of these world-leading US institutions.
Based on archival research at both Harvard University (est.1636), where regular research leaves were instituted for the first time 1880, and the University of California at Berkeley, a new public institution founded in 1868, this research will investigate how the creation of regular research sabbaticals emerged and contributed to making US research universities central nodes in global knowledge networks between 1870 and 1960.